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History of the Saint Bernard dog

It all began in the Swiss Alps around the year 1045, where there a monk named Bernard of Menthon, founded the monastery of Saint Bernard. On this site, the monks who lived there, gave support to the travelers who passed by there, as this was a location with more than 2500 meters of altitude and where they had large snow storms that made the passage between Switzerland and Italy. the monks began the creation of imposing dogs with thin smell, resistance and excellent sense of direction, that helped in their tasks. Ai emerged the perfect Union of the monks and those dogs that have marked history with large number of bailouts of the pilgrims that travelled through that inhospitable region.

There are many theories about the origin of the Saint Bernard dog. it is believed that the large dog Tibetan arose in Assyria in the year 2000 BC. It was a dog with a powerful head, with large bones and robust, that looked much like the current Saint Bernard. It is believed that the Gauls have brought these dogs to Switzerland in the year 280 BC, others believe that the Great Tibetan entered to Greece and Macedonia by the Phoenicians, where they were called "Eva" (Greek Molósia), moving to Rome and being used in camps to mountain path to the conquest of Switzerland. The Romans arrived to the Swiss Alps through the path of the great St. Bernard and created a haven for his troops beside the monastery Bernard of Menthon.

Hence there was, probably, the crossing of the great Tibetan with dogs as the Bouviers of Switzerland and with a kind of Mastin, giving rise to the current Saint Bernard. The Bernards Are used by monks in rescue tasks were the short-haired. Around the year 1830, in an attempt to get dogs with long hair to support better climatic conditions, the monks crossed some are Bernard with Mastiff and Terranova, emerging then the Are long-haired Bernard, but there in the monastery remained just short haired, because with long hair retained-if a large amount of snow which hindered the work of dogs. The first records of dogs are Baldomero in canine exhibitions dating back to 1862 that occurred in Birmingha and Cremorne (1863).In 1887, during the Congress of Zurich, was defined the breed standard, that with few exceptions, been accepted internationally.

With its stately beauty of a mountain giant, quickly gained the audience, which contributed to the rapid development of the breed in the world.In 1830, the British Are lured by high values of Bernard in the international market, imported copies of Switzerland. It is about "Lord Bute" with 109 cm withers and 112 kg was sold by the British to an American for an exorbitant amount. It is also about the legendary "Barry", a St. Bernard that lived in the monastery between 1800 and 1814. It is credited with saving more or less 40 lives. In the Natural History Museum of Bern, there is an image of the dog Barry.

The book of origins of Switzerland, was created in 1884 and the first dog to be registered was the St. Bernard dog, with the name "Leon" and more Are 28 In 1887, the Bernard. Saint Bernard dog was officially recognized as the national dog of Switzerland.